(Tekst: Nils Leidal)
A living organism is made out of cells. The cells forms tissue. Tissue makes muscles and organs, and organs work together. In this way the organism is like a mosaic with patterns on different levels where the cells are the basic structural element.
Every living cell is one unit, and in many correlations it acts as an independent individual. At the same time every single cell is anatomically and functionally a part of a bigger wholeness. Through cell differentiation an specialisation it is also adapted to its anatomical place and physiological role in the interaction of the parts of the whole.
DNA contains the prototype for all the proteins in the body. Every cell contains the chemical information to make a new organism of the same kind. Research with cloning has shown that under the right circumstances one cell can be the starting point for a new organism. Every cell contains the information about the whole organism. It also has an embryonic potential and can develop into a sprout or a foetus to create a new organism.
This is whats behind the term ECIWO. The letter E stands for embryo, C for containing, I for information, W fro Whole, and O for organism. Thereby we can say that a living cell as a part of the organism makes one ECIWO unit with the potential to generate a new organism. This is part of the cell theory as we know it from traditional biology. Whats new about ECIWO biology is that this is a more general phenomena that we not only find on a cellular level, but also in higher levels of biological organisation. If we look at a plant, the stem makes one ECIWO, the branch an ECIWO on a lower level, a twig an ECIWO on a even lower level, and a leaf will be an ECIWO on the level below. And as a matter of fact if we put a branch in the soil and nurtures it, it can develope into a plant of the same kind. The same goes for a twig or a leaf, and in some cases, only a part of a leaf can groew to become a new plant. In theese cases the branch or the twig acts like an ECIWO unit. In primitive animals like a hydra, we can observe the same penomena; if a part is cut of it will grow to a new animal of the same kind. In more advanced creatures, this ability is lost, but they are according to the ECIWO biology still organized in a pattern that mirrors the whole organism, and contains informatiom about the whole. The main force in the developement of the ECIWO biology was the chinese biologist professor Yingqing Zhang. During the cultural revolution he was, as many other intellectuals sent out to the countryside to work for the people. As a biologist he was working with healthcare in Mongolia, and while doing this practical job, he made an important discovery that became the instigation of the ECIWO biology. When he checked the patients, he noticed that points in the tissue around the second metacarpal was very sensitive to pressure, and that theese points corresponded to parts of the body that was weakened or or atacked by disease. The tissue around the second metacarpal acts as a reflexological system, where the most distal part corresponds with the head, and the most proximal part corresponds with the lower back and the leg.